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US judge denies Argentina request to remove mediator in debt dispute that led to default

A woman walks by a graffiti that reads in Spanish

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A woman walks by a graffiti that reads in Spanish "Vultures," in reference to the dispute between the Argentine government and a U.S. hedge fund, known locally as "vulture funds," in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Monday, August 4, 2014. The full graffiti reads "out vultures." The collapse of talks with U.S. creditors sent Argentina into its second debt default in 13 years and raised questions about what comes next for financial markets and the South American nation's staggering economy. (AP Photo/Victor R. Caivano)

BUENOS AIRES, Argentina - A U.S. judge on Monday turned back an effort by Argentina's government to remove the court-appointed mediator in the dispute with creditors that triggered a default by the country last week.

U.S. District Judge Thomas P. Griesa dismissed Argentine complaints that mediator Daniel Pollack has not been an impartial mediator in their battle with investors who refused to accept a debt restructuring after the last time the country defaulted, in 2001.

Referring to Pollock by his legal title of special master, Griesa praised his work in handling the dispute, saying he has acted with "great skill" and been even-handed with all parties.

"It is hard to imagine a worse move that the court could make than to remove the special master," Griesa said. "It would be a gross injustice and would drastically interfere with the process which has been going on and must continue."

Jonathan Blackman, an attorney for Argentina, criticized Pollack and called for his removal after the mediator issued a statement declaring that the country would be imminently in default following the breakdown in talks July 30.

Blackman said the statement undermined Argentina's position in financial markets. His criticism was echoed Monday by Cabinet Chief Jorge Capitanich, who told reporters that Pollack has acted as a "spokesman for the vulture funds," the preferred Argentine term for the U.S. investors who are its opponents in the dispute.

Griesa said that Pollack issued the statement about default at his direction and that it was accurate.

The investors have been seeking $1.5 billion for bonds defaulted on by Argentina in 2001. The country settled with most of its creditors by trading lower-value bonds for defaulted debt, but a group of holdouts, led by New York-based hedge fund NML Capital Ltd., refused to accept that deal. The government, in turn, said it could not settle with the holdouts without offering similar terms to the others.

Griesa, in a decision affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court, ruled Argentina could not pay the other creditors until it settled with the holdouts. That triggered a default when Argentina was prevented from paying $539 million in interest due by July 30, threatening to derail an economy already in recession.

Several international banks were reportedly in negotiations Monday to buy the Argentine bonds held by the holdout investors, which would allow Argentina to exit default.

The negotiations, disclosed by the Argentine financial newspaper Ambito Financiero and other media, were said to include J.P. Morgan, Citibank, HSBC and Deutschebank. All four declined comment to The Associated Press.

Argentine officials have said they do not oppose a private bank resolution to the situation, but Ambito Financiero cited an unidentified source in reporting that the government was not part of the negotiations to avoid giving the appearance it was offering better terms to the holdouts than to other bondholders. The paper said the banks were seeking a guarantee that they would be able to recover their investment in the holdout bonds.

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